Howard Dean previously pleaded guilty to grand larceny charges, admitting he accepted pay for days he didn't work while also saying he falsified travel and attendance documents.
According to Dean's attorney, an illness postponed Dean's sentencing for over a year, and that illness will also keep Dean out of jail.
Along with his five years of probation, Dean will serve the first six months on house arrest.
"My client suffers from several severe disabilities which would have rendered any incarceration life threatening and we spoke with the Sheriff of the county about the ability to accommodate his medical issues, and that really became problematic," said Dennis Sedor, Dean's defense attorney.
During those 17 years when Deal was illegally collecting pay, he admitted to taking $100,000 in total.
Dean has already paid back a portion of the money and is expected to pay the remaining money over the course of his probation.